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J - Antenna for 160,15 and 10(FM) meters

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ANTENTOP- 02- 2003, # 003

J - Antenna for 160,15 and 10(FM) meters


random wire with length of several meters... Simply it can be understood, that on doubling the working frequency the matching line is completely out of resonance, and works as a 'short' for the transmitter. But everything has advantages, and this fact means not only impossibility to work on 80 m, which is definitely bad, but also deep suppression of 2- nd harmonic by working on 160 m, which is really well.


Almost the same situation is on 40 m band. Here the active component of input impedance of the antenna (measured by noise bridge) is also quite low (several Ohms), and no resonance exists inside or near amateur frequencies.


But if you try to work on this antenna on 15 and 10 meters bands, the situation is more optimistic. In my case, on 21430 KHz the SWR was about 1.3:1 and increases to 2.5:1 when moving down to 21000 KHz. Measured impedance was about 55 Ohm with a low capacitive reactance. From first sight, it is quite strange, but nevertheless, antenna behaved well on this band, and using just 10 W of power, I was able to make long-distance QSO's even with North America. The most interesting fact was, that this was "true"


resonance of the antenna, without any participation of the feeder (SWR did not change significally when the feeder length was alternated).


In contrast to this, on 10 meters band the antenna behaves very poor- the air seems to be empty, and even common industrial noise is received with a level comparable to internal noise of the receiver. Compared to the special 10 meters antenna (see above), the signal of distant correspondents were weaker by 10-20 dB (!), and on transmission even my neighbors gave me reports like 53-54. However, when frequency was moved up to 29 MHz and higher, the efficiency improved dramatically.


To understand this phenomenon, some calculations were performed. First of all, it was found, that frequency response of the matching line with a resistive loading (see Figure 3) in range 1.5-32 MHz has many maxima, and one of them is inside 15-m amateur band (Figure 5, red trace). Another maxima is near 29.5 MHz- in the upper part of 10-m band.



Figure 5. Frequency response of the matching line in whole HF range



I guess, that these results may be assumed at least as a qualitative explanation of the antenna behavior. I say "qualitative" because the whole system can not be adequately represented by a matching line with a resistor at the end- impedance of the antenna wire also should be taken into account. However it is clear, why besides 'native'band, antenna works well on 21 MHz, and why on frequencies about 28500 there is a minimum of performance, which rapidly increases when moving up to 29 MHz.





As a conclusion is can be said, that LW antenna with a coaxial matching line (J-antenna), which is designed for 160 m band, can do perfect job on 15 meters and on a part of 10 meters band also without any switching and tuning devices. Of course, the efficiency on 'upper' bands is be substantially lower, that on 'native' one due to RF losses in the matching line (which actually works with a very high SWR). But to my mind it is still acceptable, especially in the case, when there are no conditions to mount huge and efficient antennas.

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